PHIL 1301 Brookhaven College Philosophical Concepts and Science Discussion

Description

In our own time there are many people who disturst science when it comes to making important decisions. The fact that science is based on inductive reasoning and therefore theories change when new data using the scientific method changes after reviews indicatet that change is needed. Many see this as a weakness of science and therefore many skeptics see science as a religion. How can one address this issue?

Note: writing essay

#1: Describe, identify and explain two or more different philosophical positions and the relevant philosophical concepts.

As I grade, I will ask myself, “How well did you describe and explain both positions (either two different positions or an argument and counterargument)?How clear and accurate are your explanations and the use of the relevant philosophical terms/concepts?”

  • Provides clear, accurate and full explanations of each philosophical position.
  • Provides mostly clear, accurate and full explanations of each philosophical position.
  • Gives coherent and consistent reasoning throughout the essay and a clear and comprehensive explanation of the issue to be considered.Also provides a coherent analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at issue.
  • (a) Provides a clear and accurate explanation of one position and a poor explanation of the second position or (b) provides explanations for both positions that are unclear and/or incomplete and/or inaccurate.
  • Uses generally coherent and consistent reasoning throughout the essay and a clear, but not necessarily comprehensive, explanation of the issue to be considered.Also provides a coherent analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at issue.
  • Provides a coherent and well-thought out personal position that is fully defended against a rational, but opposing, position.The assumptions behind your view, and the opposing view, are recognized and analyzed.The impact of your position on your personal life and on your society is explored.

2(a) Fails to provide an explanation for one of the two theories or (b) provides poor explanations of both positions.

1(a) Fails to provide an explanation for one of the two theories and (b) provides a poor explanation for the other position.

  • The essay was not on the topic or there was no essay at all

#2: Apply critical thinking skills by analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of philosophical positions or theories and by writing a clear and coherent essay.As I grade, I will ask myself, “Did you explain the issue to be considered? How well do you analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the theories or positions? And how clear and coherent is your overall presentation?”

  • Uses some coherent and consistent reasoning that either contains clear weakness in reasoning or fails to explain the issue to be considered.Also fails to provide a coherent analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at issue.
  • Provides a personal position that is coherent and has some support, but needs a little more thought and is mostly defended against a rational, but opposing, position.The assumptions behind your position, and that of the opposing position, are identified but not analyzed.The impact of one’s position on your personal life and on society is explored.
  • Demonstrates graceful use of language by being free from most errors in grammar and mechanics.The essay is well organized and focused.The student uses credible sources to support and inform the content.
  • Uses some coherent and consistent reasoning that contains clear weakness in reasoning and fails to explain the issue to be considered.Also, fails to provide a coherent analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at issue.
  • Provides a personal position that is coherent but has very little support and needs a lot more depth and is not adequately defended against a rational, but opposing, position.The assumptions behind both views are be identified, but there is no analysis of these assumptions.There is very little attempt to explore the impact of one’s position on one’s life and society.
  • Uses incoherent and inconsistent reasoning that also fails to explain the issue to be considered.Also fails to provide the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at issue.

0The essay was not on the topic or there was no essay at all

#3:Create an informed personal response to a philosophical issue by developing and defending a personal opinion to the selected philosophical problem.As I grade, I will ask myself, “Did you develop a personal opinion? How well did you defend why you believe what you believe? Have you explained a rational, but opposing view?Have you explained the assumptions behind your position (and that of the opposing view)?And how your position impacts your life and society?”

2Provides a personal position that is (a) incoherent or has no support and is not defended against a rational, but opposing, position; or (b) does not identify assumptions behind the position or opposing position; or (c) there is no attempt to explore the impact of one’s position on one’s life and society.

  • Provides a personal position that has no support, is not defended against a rational, but opposing view, does not identify the assumptions behind the position, and does not make an attempt to explore the impact of one’s position on one’s own life and society.
  • Demonstrates limited facility in the use of language by containing problems with vocabulary and several errors in grammar and mechanics which do impede understanding.The essay is not organized and contains lapses in focus.Additionally, the student did not use credible sources to support and inform the content.
  • The essay was not on the topic, there was no personal position or there was no essay at all
  • Demonstrates little or no facility in the use of language by containing problems with vocabulary and an unacceptable number of errors in grammar and mechanics. The errors are clearly an impediment to understanding the essay This essay is poorly organized and demonstrates little or no focus and does not utilize credible sources to support and inform the content.

#4:Grammar.As I grade, I will ask myself, “How good is the grammar?”

  • Demonstrates reasonable facility in the use of language by being free from most errors in grammar and mechanics, however the errors do not impede understanding of the content.The essay is mostly organized and focused.The student uses credible sources to support and inform the content.

3Demonstrates adequate facility in the use of language by containing some errors in grammar and/or mechanics, some of which may be serious enough to impede meaning.Also the essay is generally organized and focused with some lapses or the student does not use credible sources to support and inform the content.

  • The essay was not on the topic or there was no essay at all#1: Describe, identify and
    explain two or more different philosophical positions and the relevant
    philosophical concepts.
    As I grade, I will ask
    myself, “How well did you describe and explain both positions (either two
    different positions or an argument and counterargument)? How clear and accurate are your explanations
    and the use of the relevant philosophical terms/concepts?”

    5
    Provides clear, accurate and full explanations
    of each philosophical position.

    4
    Provides mostly clear, accurate and full
    explanations of each philosophical position.

    3
    (a) Provides a clear and accurate explanation of one
    position and a poor explanation of the second position or (b) provides
    explanations for both positions that are unclear and/or incomplete and/or
    inaccurate.

    2 (a) Fails to provide an explanation for one
    of the two theories or (b) provides poor explanations of both positions.

    1 (a) Fails to provide an explanation for one
    of the two theories and (b) provides a poor explanation for the other position.

    0
    The
    essay was not on the topic or there was no essay at all

    #2: Apply critical thinking
    skills by analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of philosophical positions or
    theories and by writing a clear and coherent essay.
    As I grade, I
    will ask myself, “Did you explain the issue to be considered? How well do you
    analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the theories or positions? And how
    clear and coherent is your overall presentation?”

    5
    Gives coherent and consistent reasoning throughout
    the essay and a clear and comprehensive explanation of the issue to be
    considered. Also provides a coherent
    analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at issue.

    4
    Uses generally coherent and consistent reasoning
    throughout the essay and a clear, but not necessarily comprehensive,
    explanation of the issue to be considered.
    Also provides a coherent analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the
    positions at issue.

    3
    Uses some coherent and consistent reasoning that
    either contains clear weakness in reasoning or fails to explain the
    issue to be considered. Also fails to
    provide a coherent analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at
    issue.

    2
    Uses some coherent and consistent reasoning that
    contains clear weakness in reasoning and fails to explain the issue to
    be considered. Also, fails to provide a
    coherent analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at issue.

    1
    Uses incoherent and inconsistent reasoning that also
    fails to explain the issue to be considered.
    Also fails to provide the strengths and weaknesses of the positions at
    issue.

    0 The essay was not on
    the topic or there was no essay at all

    #3: Create an informed personal response to a
    philosophical issue by developing and defending a personal opinion to the
    selected philosophical problem.
    As I grade, I will ask myself, “Did you
    develop a personal opinion? How well did you defend why you believe what
    you believe? Have you explained a rational, but opposing view? Have you explained the assumptions behind
    your position (and that of the opposing view)?
    And how your position impacts your life and society?”



    5
    Provides a coherent and well-thought out
    personal position that is fully defended against a rational, but opposing,
    position. The assumptions behind your
    view, and the opposing view, are recognized and analyzed. The impact of your position on your personal
    life and on your society is explored.

    4
    Provides a personal position that is coherent
    and has some support, but needs a little more thought and is mostly defended
    against a rational, but opposing, position.
    The assumptions behind your position, and that of the opposing position,
    are identified but not analyzed. The
    impact of one’s position on your personal life and on society is explored.

    3
    Provides a personal position that is coherent
    but has very little support and needs a lot more depth and is not adequately
    defended against a rational, but opposing, position. The assumptions behind both views are be
    identified, but there is no analysis of these assumptions. There is very little attempt to explore the
    impact of one’s position on one’s life and society.

    2 Provides a personal position that is (a)
    incoherent or has no support and is not defended against a rational, but
    opposing, position; or (b) does not identify assumptions behind the position or
    opposing position; or (c) there is no attempt to explore the impact of one’s
    position on one’s life and society.

    1
    Provides
    a personal position that has no support, is not defended against a rational,
    but opposing view, does not identify the assumptions behind the position, and
    does not make an attempt to explore the impact of one’s position on one’s own
    life and society.

    0
    The
    essay was not on the topic, there was no personal position or there was no
    essay at all

    #4: Grammar. As I grade, I will ask myself, “How good
    is the grammar?”

    5
    Demonstrates
    graceful use of language by being free from most errors in grammar and
    mechanics. The essay is well organized
    and focused. The student uses credible
    sources to support and inform the content.

    4
    Demonstrates
    reasonable facility in the use of language by being free from most errors in
    grammar and mechanics, however the errors do not impede understanding of the
    content. The essay is mostly organized
    and focused. The student uses credible
    sources to support and inform the content.

    3 Demonstrates
    adequate facility in the use of language by containing some errors in
    grammar and/or mechanics, some of which may be serious enough to impede
    meaning. Also the essay is generally
    organized and focused with some lapses or the student does not use credible
    sources to support and inform the content.

    2
    Demonstrates
    limited facility in the use of language by containing problems with
    vocabulary and several errors in grammar and mechanics which do impede
    understanding. The essay is not
    organized and contains lapses in focus.
    Additionally, the student did not use credible sources to support and
    inform the content.

    1
    Demonstrates
    little or no facility in the use of language by containing problems with
    vocabulary and an unacceptable number of errors in grammar and mechanics. The
    errors are clearly an impediment to understanding the essay This essay is
    poorly organized and demonstrates little or no focus and does not utilize
    credible sources to support and inform the content.

    0
    The
    essay was not on the topic or there was no essay at all

Discussion Grading Rubric

I am evaluating 3 elements in your discussion posts/replies: Critical Thought, Knowledge of philosophical theories and concepts, and grammar/spelling/length.

1. CRITICAL THOUGHT: What I mean by “critical thought” is the depth and consistency of your explanations.When you make a claim about something, do you explain why you believe that?Do you examine the assumptions that one must make to reach that conclusion?Should those assumptions be made?Is your position consistent with other claims you make? (This criterion is worth 3 of the 8 points for your post.)

For example, the second discussion board asks you to consider the possibility of someone who claims to have a device that destroys peoples’ souls.You are supposed to then discuss how you would go about evaluating such a claim.One student wrote, “I believe that we each have a soul and that it rises to Heaven when our physical bodies cease to exist.”She also writes about how ridiculous the person is who claims he has a device that destroys souls, because there is no way to evaluate his claim, and no reason to believe him.She seems completely unaware that HER OWN BELIEF is just as impossible to evaluate as his.Thus, if we can reject this man’s claim, she should reject hers.This shows me an inconsistent position that lacks depth.She never tries to explain WHY she believes what she believes, nor does she seem to recognize the obvious contradiction in her argument.

2. KNOWLEDGE OF PHILOSOPHICAL THEORIES AND CONCEPTS: For each discussion board, I indicate what sections of the text you should study BEFORE making your posting.In that section (and the preceding sections) are the concepts and theories that pertain to that discussion board.I am NOT asking you to fill your posting with philosophical jargon.If you read the text carefully, then your posting WILL reflect your knowledge of the relevant concepts.If you make a claim that reflects a particular position discussed in the text, you will naturally use language that reflects your new knowledge.On the other hand, if you give me an opinion that has several objections to it, that were explained in the text, but you seem unaware of these objections, that would show me a lack of knowledge of the theories and concepts. (This criterion is worth 3 of the 8 points for your post.)

3. GRAMMAR, SPELLING AND LENGTH: This is not an English course.However, I expect the grammar, spelling and tone of your discussions to be college level.This is not “Twitter.”Write in clear and complete sentences.Check your spelling (minor spelling mistakes are not a big deal, but obvious and repeated mistakes are big deals).Keep your tone professional and academic.Lastly, make sure you have the appropriate length.Posts should be 300 words (approximately) and your reply should be 100 words (approximately).I will not even check unless it is obviously too short, or well over the required length.Part of the assignment is learning how to give sufficient and efficient explanations. (This criterion is worth 2 of the 8 points for your post.)

REPLY

Your reply to another student will be evaluated using all three of these criteria, but will only be worth 2 points.So, you could lose 1, or both, of the 2 points for any of the above issues.

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